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自定义库封装思路和Cocoapods发布

写在前面

近期自己封装了iOS客户端启动页的自定义库,在封装的过程中学习了很多,包括封装的思想以及Cocoapods发布。

原因

首先是因为千篇一律的使用图片进行启动页,在用户体验上确实引起了审美疲劳,然后是收到了Coding的启发,于是准备进行启动页的封装。

PS:不会设计的程序员不是好程序员!

YFStartView

目前YFStartView已经开源,效果图如下。

效果图1

效果图2

几点说明:

  • 尽量不要使用三方库(后来发现Cocoapods中有的库是可以的,因为发布到Cocoapods可以添加依赖,那么就不存在问题),因为手动添加了三方库,可能导致重复添加。

  • 尽可能的暴露出属性,让用户去选择使用的属性。

使用Cocoapods

初始化一个Podspec文件

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pod spec create YFStartView

要像github仓库中添加.podspec文件,代码内容如下

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#
# Be sure to run `pod spec lint YFStartView.podspec' to ensure this is a
# valid spec and to remove all comments including this before submitting the spec.
#
# To learn more about Podspec attributes see http://docs.cocoapods.org/specification.html
# To see working Podspecs in the CocoaPods repo see https://github.com/CocoaPods/Specs/
#
Pod::Spec.new do |s|
# ――― Spec Metadata ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# These will help people to find your library, and whilst it
# can feel like a chore to fill in it's definitely to your advantage. The
# summary should be tweet-length, and the description more in depth.
#
s.name = "YFStartView"
s.version = "0.0.1"
s.summary = "YFStartView is an custom view for start image."
s.homepage = "https://github.com/yeziahehe/YFStartView"
# s.screenshots = "www.example.com/screenshots_1.gif", "www.example.com/screenshots_2.gif"
# ――― Spec License ――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# Licensing your code is important. See http://choosealicense.com for more info.
# CocoaPods will detect a license file if there is a named LICENSE*
# Popular ones are 'MIT', 'BSD' and 'Apache License, Version 2.0'.
#
s.license = "MIT"
# s.license = { :type => "MIT", :file => "FILE_LICENSE" }
# ――― Author Metadata ――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# Specify the authors of the library, with email addresses. Email addresses
# of the authors are extracted from the SCM log. E.g. $ git log. CocoaPods also
# accepts just a name if you'd rather not provide an email address.
#
# Specify a social_media_url where others can refer to, for example a twitter
# profile URL.
#
s.author = { "Ivan" => "yeziahehe@gmail.com" }
# Or just: s.author = "Ivan"
# s.authors = { "Ivan" => "yeziahehe@gmail.com" }
# s.social_media_url = "http://twitter.com/Ivan"
# ――― Platform Specifics ――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# If this Pod runs only on iOS or OS X, then specify the platform and
# the deployment target. You can optionally include the target after the platform.
#
# s.platform = :ios
s.platform = :ios, "8.0"
# When using multiple platforms
# s.ios.deployment_target = "5.0"
# s.osx.deployment_target = "10.7"
# s.watchos.deployment_target = "2.0"
# ――― Source Location ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# Specify the location from where the source should be retrieved.
# Supports git, hg, bzr, svn and HTTP.
#
s.source = { :git => "https://github.com/yeziahehe/YFStartView.git", :tag => "0.0.1" }
# ――― Source Code ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# CocoaPods is smart about how it includes source code. For source files
# giving a folder will include any swift, h, m, mm, c & cpp files.
# For header files it will include any header in the folder.
# Not including the public_header_files will make all headers public.
#
s.source_files = "YFStartView/*.{h,m}"
# s.exclude_files = "Classes/Exclude"
# s.public_header_files = "Classes/**/*.h"
# ――― Resources ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# A list of resources included with the Pod. These are copied into the
# target bundle with a build phase script. Anything else will be cleaned.
# You can preserve files from being cleaned, please don't preserve
# non-essential files like tests, examples and documentation.
#
# s.resource = "icon.png"
# s.resources = "Resources/*.png"
# s.preserve_paths = "YFStartViewDemo"
# ――― Project Linking ―――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# Link your library with frameworks, or libraries. Libraries do not include
# the lib prefix of their name.
#
# s.framework = "SomeFramework"
# s.frameworks = "SomeFramework", "AnotherFramework"
# s.library = "iconv"
# s.libraries = "iconv", "xml2"
# ――― Project Settings ――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――― #
#
# If your library depends on compiler flags you can set them in the xcconfig hash
# where they will only apply to your library. If you depend on other Podspecs
# you can include multiple dependencies to ensure it works.
s.requires_arc = true
# s.xcconfig = { "HEADER_SEARCH_PATHS" => "$(SDKROOT)/usr/include/libxml2" }
# s.dependency "JSONKit", "~> 1.4"
end
``
接着要注意版本号的问题
```bash
git tag -a 0.0.1 -m "Tag release 0.0.1"
git push —tags
git add YFStartView.podspec
git commit -m "add YFStartView.podspec file"
git push origin master

接下来很多教程里面写的fork,目前的话Cocoapods已经不支持pull request,改为trunk服务。

Cocoapods

更新了用trunk之后,CocoaPods 需要0.33版本以上的,用 pod –version 查看,如果版本低,需要更新。

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pod trunk register yeziahehe@gmail.com 'yeziahehe' --verbose

接下来会收到一封邮件进行验证。

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pod trunk me

会显示如下信息。

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- Name: yeziahehe
- Email: yeziahehe@gmail.com
- Since: October 21st, 02:55
- Pods: None
- Sessions:
- October 21st, 02:55 - February 26th, 2016 02:57. IP:202.195.129.246

接下来进行提交

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pod trunk push YFStartView.podspec

大功告成,搜索一下

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pod search YFStartView

已经发布成功!

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-> YFStartView (0.0.1)
YFStartView is an custom view for start image.
pod 'YFStartView', '~> 0.0.1'
- Homepage: https://github.com/yeziahehe/YFStartView
- Source: https://github.com/yeziahehe/YFStartView.git
- Versions: 0.0.1 [master repo]

参考

配置自己的CocoaPods库

CocoaPods 手把手五分钟教你制作自己的podspec文件

iOS:手把手教你发布代码到CocoaPods(Trunk方式)


版权声明



Ivan’s Blog by Ivan Ye is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 International License.
叶帆创作并维护的叶帆的博客博客采用创作共用保留署名-非商业-禁止演绎4.0国际许可证

本文首发于Ivan’s Blog | 叶帆的博客博客( http://yeziahehe.com ),版权所有,侵权必究。

本文链接:http://yeziahehe.com/2015/10/22/own_framework_and_Cocoapods_release/